Emanuil Gojdu
EMANUIL GOJDU (1802-1870) was born in Oradea and he has a Macedonian origin. After attending the premonstratens highschool from Oradea, between 1820-1821 he was a student at the Law Academy in Oradea, then at Pojon (Bratislava) and Budapest. After graduating he settled down in Budapest and he was named probationist at the "Regal Table". In 1832 he married Anatasia Pometa, who had also a Macedo-Romanian origin. During the revolution from 1848-1849, Emanuil Gojdu had a temperate attitude, fighting for the separation of the Romanian Orthodox Church from the Serbian Hierarchy, together with Nicolae Jiga, Ioan Fonai and others.

In 1861 he is named county-man in Caras, where he took measures so that "the Romanian language to be the official one in all the internal affairs". In 1866 he was elected deputy of Tinca. Later, dissapointed by his incapacity of achieving his plans for equality of the Romanians in Transilvania he retired from the public life. Emanuil Gojdu's will was elaborated on the 4th of November and it was published on the day of his death (on the 3rd of February).This contained the following main riders: for 50 years (1871-1921) two thirds of the income of the Foundation is capitalized and one third is distribuited as scholarships to "all these young Romanian students of orthodox religion, distinguished through their good behaviour and talent, born in Hungary (and Transilvania, part of Hungary in that time), who's parents are not able to sustain financially their children's education and upbringing" (5th paragraph, page 1).
During the years 1921-1971, three fifthes are capitalized and two fifthes are given as scholarships, and between 1971-2021 half of the income is capitalized and the other half is offered as scholarships. In the end, during the years 2021-2071, a tenth is deposit in a trust-fund and the rest of it will be used, besides for the scholarships, "for any purposes of the Romanians which are members of the Eastern Orthodox Church from Hungary". The Foundation was administrated by a group of secular men and servants of the altar, leaded by the metropolitan bishop and all the Romanian Greek-Oriental bishops from Hungary and Transilvania". After the union of Transilvania and Romania, the most important part of the estate of the Foundation was left in Hugary. On the 27th of October 1937 an agreement was concluded between the Romanian and the Hungarian governments on this matter. The mitropolitan seat from Sibiu remained further on the heir of the Foundation, but its representatives decided to leave a part of its funds for the Romanians from Hungary.

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